COUNTRY OF ORGIN/HOMECOUNTRY: Japan
BACKGROUND / USE: The Japanese spitz
orgin is seemed to be from the large white German White Spitz which was brought
to Japan in the 1920's through Siberia and the northeast of China.
The breed was shown for the first time in Tokyo 1921.
In 1925 four white spitzes were
imported from Canada and up until 1956 there were dogs being imported from
Canada, USA, Australia, and China. Finally their offsprings were mated to bring
out a better breed. In 1948 The Japanese Kennel Club set the standard, which is
still in use today.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The
whole body is covered with a pure white coat. The
muzzle is pointed, ears are triangular in shape and erect. The tail, which is
over the back, is a full rich plume. The body is firm and well balanced and
should give the
impression of beautiful harmony, energy, dignity and elegance, which is the
definition of the breed.
IMPORTANT MEASURES: Height to length ratio 10:11.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER: It is an intelligent, happy and lively dog.
HEAD: The head is to be moderatly wide and round and in harmony with the rest
SKULL: The skull is widest in the back.
STOP: Stop is to be defined.
FACE: Moderate forehead.
Nose: Small, black and round.
Lips: Black and tight.
Cheek/dentition: Scissor-bite with white, strong teeth.
Eyes: Of medium size, almond shaped and dark with black rims.
Ears: Highly set, not too wide apart, small triangular and erect. Carried
NECK: Medium length with well developed muscle.
BODY: Top of shoulder: High.
Back: Short and level.
Chest: Deep and broad with well sprung ribs.
Underline: Good tuck-up.
Tail: Of moderate length, set on high, carried well over the back.
FRONT: Shoulders should be well laid back. Elbows tight to the chest.
Front legs: Straight with small paws, catfeet.
Pads: Thick and black. Nails preferably black
REAR: Well muscled hindlegs. Knees and hocks moderately angulated.
Paws: as frontpaws
MOVEMENTS: Lively and energetic, parallel when viewed from front and back.
COAT: Structure: Outercoat is straight, profuse, and stands off from the body.
Undercoat is soft, short and thick. Face, ears, frontside of the frontlegs
the hocks have short coat. The rest of the body is covered in a beautiful,
The tail should make a plume. Color of coat is supposed to be pure white, but
shadings are accepted, though distinct markings are not.
SIZE/WEIGHT: Height 30-38 cm. Bitches can be a little smaller.
FAULTS: Overbite/underbite - Too much curl of tail - Shyness - Noisiness
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: Ears not erect - Tail not carried over the back
TESTICLES: Both well developed and descended into scrotum
Copyright: Rowleys kennel
Enactment 26, January. 2003
Revised 25, January. 2004
Revised 17.June 2007
Revised 23.September 2008
The Japanese Spitz, as a companion dog, is identified and
ideally described through the following
distinctive characteristics :
Forebody kept high, neck of moderate length
firmly supporting a relatively small head held
in high position.
Long, pure white coat, in harmony with the body,
which adds beauty and elegance, and gives a look
Movement with quick and light gait lending the
long-haired dog distinctive beauty.
This particular kind of movement and the
beautiful coat depict together a particularly
Temperament mild but wary, also clever, bright
Long outer hair of main coat, frill, apron and
breeches straight and slightly stiff, and
supported by soft, dense and short undercoat.
Outer hair in harmony with feathering and body
as to create a beautiful body figure.
Shorter and smooth coat on front of fore- and
hindlegs and below hocks. Abounding feathering
on back of forearms between carpal pad and
Hair pure white, and lustrous hair much
desirable, coloured, coiled or
wavy coat not desirable. Just fine waving on
Skull slightly rounded and in harmony with the
size of the body. Excessively round skull not
desirable. Muzzle wedge shaped like that of a
fox, length and thickness of the muzzle in
proportion with the size of the head.
Lips black, firm and tightly closed, not hanging
down. Stop gently defined, forehead above stop
short haired. Hair on face short and smooth.
Teeth white, strong, placed in correct position.
Jaws closing in a regular scissor bite.
In proportion to the size of the head, standing
mighty erect on the head. Too wide apart, too
close together, or hanging forward ears are not
Gingko-nut shaped or almond-nut shaped. Eye-rims
black, iris dark coloured.
Round shaped eyes spoil dog's elegance.
Prominent eyes are not acceptable for the spitz.
Round shaped, glossy black. Too large or
squarish nose not desirable.
Nose line straight. Bent nose line not
Straight and short, slightly sloping from
withers towards the tail.
Firm, well developed, and powerful.
Not higher than forebody
Properly broad and deep, ribs well sprung.
Well drawn up and tapered from the brisket.
Sexual organ normal and sound.
Straight, relatively slender, but strong. Elbows
well tight, pasterns slightly sloping.
Both forelegs parallel to each other viewed from
front. Feet well cushioned and cat like.
Pads firm and thick, preferably black in colour.
Forelegs neither too wide nor narrow viewed from
Thighs muscular, stifles and hocks bent.
Metatarsi vertical viewed from side, both
hindlegs parallel to each other viewed from
rear. Feet and pads same as seen for forelegs.
Hindlegs neither too wide nor narrow viewed from
Of moderate length, set high on the ridge of the
back, curled over and aligned with the center
line of the back. Profusely feathered with
beautiful hair plume.
Tail tightly curled on back not desirable.
Height (at withers)
Preferably 33-38 cm for dogs and 30-35 cm for
Length (between point of shoulder
and point of hip-bone/ischial bone)
Nearly "square-outline", viewed from side,
Ideal ratio of height to length are 10 : 10.5
for dogs and 10 : 11 for bitches
Fine condition corresponds to weight figures (in
Kg) obtained from height (in cm) × 0.20-0.23 for
both dogs and bitches.
Any faults refer to the Judge standard of NSC
(C)Copyright 2003 Nippon Spitz Club
All Rights Reserved.